Some of my students have been struggling with observational drawing so I have created this tutorial to help them. You can download a printable handout here: How to draw a still life apples handout free to use!
For this task you will need paper, ideally HB (initial outlines) and 2B (shading) pencils and a rubber. You will also need to set up a simple still life or work from a picture.
Start by observing the basic shapes. See where there are ovals, circles, cylinders, cubes etc. Start by lightly drawing those shapes, paying attention to where they overlap and what the proportion of each shape is.
Once you are happy with your shapes, begin to outline each object. You can erase most of your initial lines but don’t get too obsessive with it. Just clean it up a bit.
Now add tone to your drawing. Observe and record how tone changes in each object, depending on where the light is coming from. You can blend the pencil with a fingertip if you like.
Reflective surfaces always have highlights that look white. You can use a corner of your eraser to pick out those highlights.
Add shadows under each object. Shadows will make your objects look like they are sitting on a solid surface rather that floating in the air!
You can add more details to your drawing.
Use darker tone in the background to create an illusion of deeper space!
I hope that this is helpful.